In 1993, at the request of then State Representative Lindsey Graham, the State of South Carolina, in cooperation with the law enforcement community and South Carolina Broadcasters, developed and initiated a statewide emergency broadcast/alert system ("Operation Child Alert") for missing/abducted children in South Carolina. The protocol for this system was developed by the South Carolina Sheriffs' Association, and was designed to be activated by the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division (SLED) upon request of the chiefs and sheriffs when a child was the victim of a kidnapping. In 2002, the South Carolina system was reviewed and substantially enhanced to include many of the criteria outlined in the AMBER Alert.